It is quite difficult for a person who is not very versed in managing a web server to work with a server. That is why many companies create tools that can help with web hosting management. This tool is called a hosting control panel.
The hosting control panel is a web interface, a graphical setting that greatly simplifies working with a web server with Internet projects. We can mention some of the most popular hosting panels that deserve attention: ISPmanager, Cpanel, DirectAdmin, Plesk, and others. Companies that, for money, provide a client with access to Internet–related services, such as television, mobile communications, and online services for watching movies, one way or another use one of the listed panels, or make their development and implement it on hosting. The appearance and functionality of each panel may be different, but the meaning of its use is the same – it is easy and convenient to manage a large number of web projects from anywhere in the world.
Now let’s move on to what you can do with the hosting control panel.
Initial site setup
You can choose any time zone, or geolocation, enable error logging, configure the processing of site statistics, and come up with your password.
Login to the site can be carried out with the rights of an administrator, reseller or user. The administrator has a full range of functions and can create new site users, and edit existing records. The reseller has less powerful functionality than the administrator has given him, the user interacts with the server only as a client and cannot change settings.
You can create new domains on the site and change existing ones.
On the hosting control panel, you can find out which DNS servers are registered for your site, the DNS servers that you need to use with your domain registrar will be listed there. The hosting control panel contains incoming and outgoing mail servers that can be used by email clients. The entries may seem a little unusual to you. For example, pop.your_domain.ru (incoming mail server) and SMTP. your_domain.ru (outgoing mail server) has a mail.your_domain.ru entry for both servers. You can configure a set of DNS protocol extensions to help minimize cyber–attacks.
This category allows you to configure the creation of a backup or restore the site from a previously made backup. When creating a task for a backup, you need to take into account your level of access to the system. If a backup is created on behalf of the server administrator, then a copy of the entire virtual dedicated server will be created, and if on behalf of the user, only data belonging to the user (websites, mailboxes, databases) will be backed up.
Allows you to configure black and white lists for filtering unwanted and desirable mail. Unlike all kinds of automatic filters, the blacklist has a more flexible device.
Allows you to view a large selection of site statistics, namely: statistics on the use of system resources, traffic counts, current activity, and the event log.
This is a very important category containing the main server settings. In this category, in addition to static information about the server configuration, IP addresses allocated to you, and database settings, there are links with which you can enable or disable, as well as install PHP extensions and PERL modules.
You can enable the necessary extensions for those content management systems that require it. For example, 1C–Bitrix CMS requires additional extensions posix.co, zlib.co, UMI.CMS extensions zlib.co, xml.so, DataLife Engine – zlib.co, xml. so and so on.
In the hosting control panel, the documentation for the CMS usually lists all the necessary PHP extensions.
Through the platform, you can install popular CMS on a web server:
WordPress is a program designed for both blogs and fairly complex news resources.
Bitrix is a program designed for large projects and online stores.
Drupal is a platform that suits any web project, as it has a large number of modules.
Joomla is a content management system used as a universal program for creating web applications.
A large thematic category, where the main tools of the site are concentrated. Such as a file manager, creating and editing databases and a Cron job scheduler, monitoring the enabled server services, as well as a server reboot mechanism.
The hosting panel has a built–in file manager that allows you to quickly download files, and create and unpack archives. This is a fairly powerful tool that allows you to perform all basic file operations, including editing scripts and configs in the built–in editor with syntax highlighting, changing file parameters, moving, renaming, and editing files. To work with files through the hosting panel, a browser is enough, no additional software is required. The ability to download the file to the server via the link allows you to quickly install the current distribution kit of the desired CMS directly from the developer’s website (without first downloading it to your computer).
Using the hosting control panel, you can install an SSL certificate.
This certificate is required for secure data transfer using an encryption protocol. When using this protocol, the security of data exchange between the web portal server and the user’s browser is guaranteed.
Through additional hosting control panel applications, you have access to the web interface of the Web–Mail mail server, as well as access to phpMyAdmin.
The hosting control panel has a large selection of all kinds of reference information on the panel, as well as online access to training videos. You can use the help if some information on the panel is not clear to you.
After we have analyzed what the hosting control panel is for, and what functions and tools it has, we can conclude that a hosting panel is a powerful tool that allows you to remotely manage the server, hosting, and other resources through a convenient web interface. A browser and an Internet connection are enough to work, so you can manage the server from anywhere in the world without restrictions. Due to its functionality, this tool is chosen by most hosting companies to provide their customers with a convenient interface for flexible management of allocated resources, reselling, and other tasks.